Untouchables
Back Home Next

 

      Pages

Home

Hinduism & Quantum Physics
Alphabetical Listing
Amazing Science
Vedic Mathematics
Oldest Civilization
Aryan Language Family
Hindu Festivals 2031
Hindu Fesivals 2043
Moon Calendar 2009
Moon Calendar 2011
Eclipse
Hinduism-Brief Sketch
Founder of Hinduism
Vrat - Resolution
Mind Power
Mantras-Sacred Fire
Shanti Mantras
Cows are Sacred
From Scriptures
Sayings of Sri Ramakrishna
God can be seen
Guru
Silent Teachings & Satsang
Touched by God
Caste System
Untouchables
Duties
Yuga Dharmaa
Doing Good
Virtue
Virtue, Wealth & Pleasure
Tirukkural
Ashramas
Sannyasa - Renunciation
Kamagita
Wheel of Life
Maya-Shakti-Prakriti
Durga Saptashati
Creation
Dissolution
Wisdom versus knowledge
Divine Wealth
Motherhood
Women
Marriage
Alluring Adornment
God
Nature of Reality
That Thou Art
Sanatan Ved Dharma
Destiny & Exertion
Soul & its Destiny
The Real and the Apparent Man
Death & Life
Bhishma
Immortality
Egoism
Resurrection
Reincarnation
Heaven & Hell
Emancipation
Gayatri
Meditation
Meditation Q & A
Direct Path
Miscellaneous Q & A
Jesus versus Churchianity
Empty Chamber
Adhyatma-Self-Spiritual Science
Self-Realisation
Self - Atma
Jnani - Self-realised
Who am I?
Sanat-sujata
Vidura-Niti
Chanakya niti
Kautilya Arthasastra
Worship
Self-enquiry
Highest object of knowledge
The Highest Refuge of All things
Sankhya versus Yoga
Yoga
Jnana Yoga
Raja Yoga
Bhakti - Surrender
Bhakti Yoga
Karma Yoga
Japa
Music
Consciousness-the three states
Freedom & Bondage
Morality
Overcoming Difficulties
Forgiveness versus Might - Anger
Penance
Renunciation & Abandonment
Truth
Truth versus Falsehood
Happiness
Self-restraint
Senses - self-discipline
Ignorance
Anahata Nada
What Religion Is
Karma & Destiny
Sin
Sinner
Drunkard
Conscience
Prayer
Mind
Miracles & Visions
Riddles
Celibacy
Thought, Speech & Deed
Upanishads
Gita for Children
Gita
Preyas & Sreyas
Pravritti - Nivritti
Acts versus Knowledge
Conduct
Kali Yuga
Tantra
Kundalini
Direct Perception versus Scriptures
Faith
Atheist
Righteousness
Highest Good
Mother, Father & Teacher
Eldest Brother
Friendship
Self-interest
kingcraft
Chastisements
Thanks Giving
Ethics
Good and Evil
Vices
Malevolent & Wicked
Nature of Man
Culture and Civilization
Kosas-sheaths
Good and Pure
Sattwa, Rajas & Tamas
East-West-North-South
Stories - Episodes
Procrastination
Gifts
Fasting (Religious)
Tirtha
Sacred Waters - Ganga
Tilak
Ideal behind the idol
Rituals
Hinduism & Sri Ramakrishna
Funerals
Tarpana
Aarati
Flowers - Incense - Lamps
Prasad
Sacraments - Samskaras
Sacred Thread
Food
Your Constitution
Trees have Life
Prana-Vyana-Samana
Krishna
Ganapati - Gopalnanda
Brahma - Sutras
Temples
Sun - Surya
Makar sankranti
Vasant Panchami
Siva
Nataraj
Holi - Festival
Ramayana
Hanuman
Raksha Bandhan
Krishna Janmashtami
Deepavali
Adhik Maas
Kaaba a Hindu Temple?
Islam-stagnant
Buddhism
Buddhism in China--Japan-Korea
Religions in brief
Inter-religious Attitude
Books
Hindu Scriptures
Philosophy
Schools of Vedanta
Hindu Sects
Q & A
Dasnami Sampradaya
Dharma
Speech - Science
Abusive Speech
Appreciations
Food Charts
Drama - Shakuntala
Vishnu Sahasranama
Moon Calendar 2013
Moon Calendar 2015
Moon Calendar 2017
Moon Calendar 2019
Moon Calendar 2021
Vedic Maths India
CSS2

 

Top
       =======  Understanding Hinduism  =======

Untouchables

Click on underscored words to click-jump to lower half of this page

The firmness of a Brahmana consists in his refusal to solicit

Untouchables
From The Mahabharata
Anusasana Parva, Section LIX 
Translated by Sri Kisari Mohan Ganguli

Addressing King Yudhishthira,

Bhishma said: ……… Without doubt, Kshatriya energy loses its force upon a Brahman when it encounters him. Thinking that thou art a king, that thou art possessed of great power, and that thou hast affluence, do not, O Yudhishthira, enjoy thy affluence without giving anything unto the Brahmanas. Observing the duties of thy order, do thou worship the Brahmanas with whatever wealth thou hast, O sinless one, for purposes of adornment or sustaining thy power. Let the Brahmans live in whatever way they like. Thou shouldst always bend thy head unto them with reverence. Let them always rejoice in thee as thy children, living happily and according to their wishes. Who else than thou, O best of the Kurus, is competent to provide the means of subsistence for such Brahmanas as are endued with eternal contentment as are thy well-wishers, and as are gratified by only a little?

As women have one eternal duty, in this world, viz., dependence upon and obedient service to their husbands, and as such duty constitutes their only end, even so is the service to Brahmanas our eternal duty and end. If, at sight of cruelties and other sinful acts in Kshatriyas, the Brahmanas, O son, unhonoured by us, forsake us all, I say, of what use would life be to us, in the absence of all contact with the Brahmanas, especially as we shall then have to drag on our existence without being able to study the Vedas to perform sacrifices, to hope for worlds of bliss hereafter, and to achieve great feats?

I shall in this connection, tell thee what the eternal usage is. In days of yore. O king, the Kshatriyas used to serve the Brahmanas. The Vaisya in a similar manner used in those days to worship the royal order, and the Sudra to worship the Vaisya. Even this is what is heard. The Brahmana was like a blazing fire. Without being able to touch him or approach his presence, the Sudra used to serve the Brahmana from a distance. It was only the Kshatriya and the Vaisya, who could serve the Brahmana by touching his person or approaching his presence.

The Brahmanas are endued with a mild disposition. They are truthful in behaviour. They are followers of the true religion. When angry, they are snakes of virulent poison. Such being their nature, do thou, O Yudhishthira, serve and attend upon them with obedience and reverence. The Brahmanas are superior to even those that are higher than the high and the low. The energy and presence of even those Kshatriyas who blaze forth with energy and might, become powerless and neutralised when they come in contact with the Brahmanas.

My sire himself is not dearer to me than the Brahmanas. My mother is not dearer to me than they. My grandsire, O king, is not dearer, my own self is not dearer, my life itself is not dearer, O king, to me than the Brahmanas! On earth there is nothing, O Yudhishthira, that is dearer to me than thou. But, O chief of Bharata’s race, the Brahmanas are dearer to me than even thou. I tell thee truly, O son of Pandu! I swear by this truth, by which I hope to acquire all those regions of bliss that have been Santanu’s. I behold those sacred regions with Brahma shining conspicuously before them. I shall repair thither, O son, and reside in them for unending days. Beholding these regions, O best of the Bharatas (with my spiritual eyes), I am filled with delight at the thought of all these acts which I have done in aid and honour of the Brahmanas, O monarch!
_______________

Top  <To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

The firmness of a Brahmana consists
in his refusal to solicit

From The Mahabharata
Anusasana Parva, Section LX
Translated by Sri Kisari Mohan Ganguli

Yudhishthira said: unto which of two Brahmanas, when both happen to be equally pure in behaviour, equally possessed of learning and purity, of birth and blood, but differing from each other in only this, viz., the one solicits and the other does not, - I ask, O grandsire, unto which of these two would a gift be more meritorious?

Bhishma said: It has been said, O son of Pritha, that a gift made unto an unsoliciting person is productive of greater merit than one made to a person who solicits. One possessed of contentment is certainly more deserving than that person who is destitute of that virtue and is, therefore, helpless amidst the storms and buffets of the world. The firmness of a Kshatriya consists in the protection he gives to others. The firmness of a Brahmana consists in his refusal to solicit. The Brahmana possessed of steadiness and learning and contentment gladdens the deities. The wise have said that an act of solicitation on the part of a poor man is a great reproach. Those persons that solicit others are said to annoy the world like thieves and robbers. The person who solicits is said to meet with death. The giver, however, is said not to meet with death. The giver is said to grant life unto him who solicits. By an act of gift, O Yudhishthira, the giver is said to rescue his own self also.

Compassion is a very high virtue. Let people make gift from compassion unto those that solicit. Those, however, that do not beg, but are plunged into poverty and distress should be respectfully invited to receive assistance. If such Brahmanas, who must be regarded as the foremost of their order, live in thy kingdom, thou shouldst regard them as fire covered with ashes. Blazing with penances, they are capable of consuming the whole earth. Such persons, O son of Kuru’s race, though not generally worshipped, should still be regarded as deserving of worship in every way. Endued with knowledge and spiritual vision and penances and Yoga, such persons always deserve our worship. O scorcher of foes, do thou always offer worship unto such Brahmanas.

One should repair of one’s own accord unto those foremost of Brahmanas that do not solicit anybody and make unto them gifts of diverse kinds of wealth in abundance. The merit that flows from properly pouring libations into the sacred fire every morning and evening is won by the person who makes gifts unto a Brahmana endued with learning, with the Vedas and with high and excellent vows. You shouldst, O son of Kunti, invite those foremost of Brahmanas who are cleansed by learning and the Vedas and vows, who live in independence, whose Vedic studies and penances are hidden without being proclaimed from the house-top, and who are observant of excellent vows, and honour them with gifts of well-constructed and delightful houses equipped with servitors and robes and furniture, and with all other articles of pleasure and enjoyment.

Conversant with all duties and possessed of minute vision, those foremost of Brahmanas, O Yuthishthira, may accept the gifts offered to them with devotion and respect, thinking that they should not refuse and disappoint the giver. Thou shouldst invite those Brahmanas whose wives wait for their return like tillers in expectation of rain. Having fed them well thou shouldst make gifts of additional food unto them so that upon their return home their expectant wives might be able to distribute that food among their children that had clamoured for food but that had been pacified with promises.

Brahmachains of restrained senses, O son, by eating at one’s house in the forenoon, cause the three sacrificial fires to be gratified with the householder at whose house they eat. Let the sacrifice of gift proceed in thy house at midday, O son, and do thou also give away kine (cows) and gold and robes (unto thy guests after feeding them well). By conducting thyself in this way, thou art sure to gratify the chief of the celestials himself. That would constitute thy third sacrifice, O Yuthishthira, in which offerings are made unto the deities, the Pitris, and the Brahmanas.

By such sacrifice thou are sure to gratify the Vishwadevas. Let compassion unto all creatures, giving unto all creatures what is due unto them, restraining the senses, renunciation, steadiness, and truth, constitute the final bath of that sacrifice which is constituted by gift. Even this is the sacrifice that is spread out for thee, - a sacrifice that is sanctified by devotion and faith, and that has a large Dakshina attached to it. This sacrifice which is constituted by gift is distinguished above all other sacrifices. O son, let this sacrifice be always performed by thee.
_______________

FromTha Mahabharata
Santi Parva, Section CCXCV
Translated by Sri Kisari Mohan Ganguli

Parsara said: If the Brahmana, pressed for a livng, betakes himself to the duties of either the Kshatriya or the Vaisya, he does not fall off from righteousness. When, however, the Brahmana betakes himself to the duties of the lowest order, then does he certainly fall off. When the Sudra is unable to obtain his living by service of the three other orders, then trade, rearing of cattle, and the practice of the mechanical arts are lawful for him to follow.
===============

Related articles:  
Caste System
Ashramas
Kingcraft

Top  <To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

Back Home Next

More Reading:

  • アグ ミニベイリーボタン 激安

  • ugg ムートンモカシン 激安

  • ugg 激安 本物

  • ugg クラシック ミニ 激安

  • ugg 激安 コピー

  • ugg ビーチサンダル 激安

  • ugg 激安 通販

  • アグ ダコタ 激安

  • ugg ムートン 激安

  • アグ ブーツ レディース 激安

  • ugg ジョゼット 激安

  • アグ ベイリーボウ 激安

  • ugg 激安 ミニ

  • ugg ダコタ 正規品 激安

  • ugg ブーツ 激安 本物

  • ugg コピー 激安

  • ugg メンズ 激安

  • ugg 通販 激安

  • ugg ブーツ 激安 店舗

  • アグ ブーツ 激安 正規品

  • ugg クラシックミニ ネイビー 激安

  • ugg クラシックトール 激安

  • ugg モカシン 激安

  • アグ 激安 通販

  • ugg ブーツ 激安 正規品

  • ugg 激安 クラシックミニ

  • アグ オーストラリア 激安

  • ugg ダコタ 激安

  • ugg ブーツ 正規品 激安

  • ugg モカシン メンズ 激安

  • ugg ローファー 激安

  • アグ スリッポン 激安

  • ugg 激安 口コミ

  • ugg 激安 ショート

  • ugg ジミーチュウ 激安

  • ugg 激安 正規

  • ugg 激安 ブーツ

  • ugg メンズ クラシックミニ 激安

  • ugg 激安 トール

  • ugg 激安 価格

  • アグ ベイリーボタン 激安

  • ugg アウトレット 激安

  • ugg 激安 セール

  • アグ 激安 ローファー

  • アグ ジョゼット 激安

  • ugg メンズ ブーツ 激安

  • ugg ムートンブーツ 激安 メンズ

  • アグ 激安 本物

  • ugg 子供用 激安

  • アグ ショートブーツ 激安

  • アグ ブーツ 激安 メンズ

  • ugg 激安 スリッポン

  • ugg クラシックミニ 激安 正規品

  • ugg ミトン 激安

  • ugg 激安 ムートンブーツ

  • アグ ミニ 激安

  • アグ 激安 メンズ

  • アグ 激安

  • ugg 激安通販

  • ugg ショートブーツ 激安

  • アグ 激安 オークション

  • アグ スニーカー 激安

  • ugg 激安 正規品

  • ugg 激安 店

  • ugg 激安 代引き

  • アグ 激安 ムートン

  • アグ 激安 ブーツ

  • ugg 正規品 激安

  • ugg 激安 サンダル

  • ugg 激安 ダコタ

  • アグ 激安 正規品

  • アグ クラシックショート 激安

  • ugg ロングブーツ 激安

  • ugg バッグ 激安

  • ugg 激安 ベビー

  • ugg フラットシューズ 激安

  • ugg ムートン リボン 激安

  • ugg アウトレット 激安 本物

  • アグ サンダル 激安

  • アグ ムートンブーツ 激安 正規品

  • ugg 激安 ベイリーボタン

  • ugg ブーツ クラシックミニ 激安

  • ugg 激安 大阪

  • ugg レディース 激安

  • ugg オルセン メンズ 激安

  • ugg ブーツ 激安

  • ugg 激安 アンスレー

  • ugg 激安 リボン

  • アグ ブーツ 激安 キッズ

  • ugg ムートンブーツ 激安

  • アグ クラシックミニ 激安

  • ugg 激安 ムートン

  • ugg ジョゼット 激安ugg 正規品

  • ugg 激安 クラシックショート

  • ugg 激安 モカシン

  • ugg 激安 店舗

  • ugg ベイリーボタン ミニ 激安

  • ugg 激安 メンズ

  • ugg 激安 理由

  • アグ ブーツ 激安

  • ugg 激安 即納

  • ugg トール 激安

  • アグ ビーチサンダル 激安

  • アグ スリッパ 激安

  • アグ 激安 店舗

  • ugg 激安 クラシックトール

  • ugg キッズ 激安

  • ugg ブーツ 通販 激安

  • ugg ムートンブーツ ネイビー 激安

  • ugg クラシックミニ 激安

  • ugg オーストラリア 激安

  • ugg 激安 キッズ