From The Mahabharata, Anusasana Parva
Yudhishthira said: Man, it is said, is endued with a period of life extending for a hundred years, and with energy and might that are considerable. Why then, O grandsire, do human beings die even when they are very young? By what does a man become endued with longevity, and by what is his life shortened? Through what does a man acquire the fame that rests upon great achievements? Through what does one attain to wealth and prosperity?
Bhishma said, It is by conduct that one acquires longevity,
A man whose conduct is improper or wicked never acquires a long life. All creatures become afraid of such a man and are oppressed by him. If, therefore, one wishes one's own advancement and prosperity, one should, in this world, betake to conduct that is proper and good. Good conduct succeeds in dispelling the inauspiciousness and misery of every one that is sinful. (If a sinful man mends his conduct, he succeeds in warding off the misery and evils to which he would otherwise be subject in consequence of his sins.)
Righteousness has conduct for its indication. They that are good and righteous are so in consequence of the conduct they follow. The indications, again, of good conduct are afforded by the acts of those that are good or righteous.
People esteem that man who acts righteously and who does good acts even if they only
hear of him without actually seeing him. They that are atheists, they that are
destitute of all acts, they that are disobedient to preceptors and transgress the
injunctions of the scriptures, they that are unacquainted with and therefore, unobservant
of duties, and they that are wicked of conduct, become shortlived.They that are of
improper behaviour, they
Even those men live for a hundred years, who, though destitute
One should wake up from sleep at the hour known as the Brahma Muhurta (before sunrise between 4 am and 6 am), and then think of both religion and profit. One should never look at the rising sun, nor at the setting sun. Nor should one look at the sun when the sun is in eclipse; nor at the sun's image in the water; nor at midday when the sun is at the meridian. The Rishis, in consequence of their adoring the two twilights with great regularity succeeded in attaining to longevity. Hence, one should, restraining speech, say one's prayers regularly at the two twilights.
There is nothing that shortens life so effectually as sexual congress with other people's wives.
One should never wear sandals or clothes that have been worn